China OEM Ring Gear/Drive Gear/Planetary Gear/Plastic Gear/Auto Parts Gear spiral bevel gear

Product Description

Our advantage:

*Specialization in CNC formulations of high precision and quality
*Independent quality control department
*Control plan and process flow sheet for each batch
*Quality control in all whole production
*Meeting demands even for very small quantities or single units
*Short delivery times
*Online orders and production progress monitoring
*Excellent price-quality ratio
*Absolute confidentiality
*Various materials (stainless steel, iron, brass, aluminum, titanium, special steels, industrial plastics)
*Manufacturing of complex components of 1 – 1000mm.

Production machine:

Specification Material Hardness
Z13 Steel HRC35-40
Z16 Steel HRC35-40
Z18 Steel HRC35-40
Z20 Steel HRC35-40
Z26 Steel HRC35-40
Z28 Steel HRC35-40
Custom dimensions according to drawings Steel HRC35-40

Production machine:

Inspection equipment :
Gear tester

Application: Motor, Electric Cars, Motorcycle, Machinery, Agricultural Machinery, Car
Hardness: Hardened Tooth Surface
Gear Position: Internal Gear
Manufacturing Method: Rolling Gear
Toothed Portion Shape: Spur Gear
Material: Steel
Customization:
Available

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Customized Request

plastic gear

What are the limitations of using plastic gears in industrial settings?

Using plastic gears in industrial settings has certain limitations. Here’s a detailed explanation of these limitations:

  • Lower Load Capacity: Plastic gears generally have lower load-bearing capacities compared to metal gears. They are more susceptible to deformation and wear under heavy loads or high torque conditions. This makes them less suitable for applications that require withstanding substantial forces or transmitting high power.
  • Temperature Sensitivity: Plastic gears have temperature limitations, and their performance can be affected by temperature variations. Some plastic materials may experience dimensional changes, loss of strength, or reduced stiffness at elevated temperatures. Additionally, high temperatures can accelerate wear and reduce the lifespan of plastic gears. Therefore, plastic gears may not be suitable for applications that involve high-temperature environments or extreme temperature fluctuations.
  • Environmental Sensitivity: Plastic gears can be sensitive to certain environmental conditions. Certain plastic materials may degrade or become brittle when exposed to specific chemicals, solvents, oils, or UV radiation. This restricts their use in applications where exposure to harsh chemicals, lubricants, or outdoor elements is common.
  • Wear and Abrasion: While plastic gears can offer good wear resistance, they are generally more prone to wear and abrasion compared to metal gears. Under heavy-load or high-speed conditions, the surface of plastic gears can wear down, leading to a decrease in performance and potential failure over time. Additional measures, such as incorporating reinforcements or using lubrication, may be necessary to mitigate wear in certain applications.
  • Dimensional Stability: Plastic materials can have lower dimensional stability compared to metals. They may experience creep, shrinkage, or expansion over time, which can affect the accuracy and reliability of gear operation, particularly in applications with tight tolerances or precise gear meshing requirements.
  • Impact Resistance: Plastic gears may have limited impact resistance compared to metal gears. They can be more susceptible to damage or fracture when subjected to sudden impact or shock loads. This makes them less suitable for applications with high impact or heavy-duty requirements.
  • Compatibility with Existing Systems: In some cases, replacing metal gears with plastic gears may require modifications to the existing system. Plastic gears may have different dimensions, mounting requirements, or gear ratios compared to metal gears, necessitating design changes or adaptations to accommodate the use of plastic gears.

Despite these limitations, plastic gears can still offer significant advantages in certain industrial settings, such as reduced weight, noise reduction, and cost-effectiveness. It’s crucial to carefully evaluate the specific application requirements and consider the trade-offs between the benefits and limitations of plastic gears when deciding whether they are suitable for a particular industrial setting.

plastic gear

Are there specific design considerations for using plastic gears?

Yes, there are specific design considerations that need to be taken into account when using plastic gears. Here’s a detailed explanation of these considerations:

1. Material Selection: Choosing the right plastic material for the gear application is crucial. Different plastic materials have varying mechanical properties, such as strength, stiffness, and wear resistance. Consider factors such as load-bearing requirements, operating temperatures, environmental conditions, and compatibility with lubricants. It’s important to select a plastic material that can withstand the specific demands of the application.

2. Gear Geometry: The design of plastic gears should consider factors such as tooth profile, module or pitch, pressure angle, and tooth thickness. The gear geometry should be optimized to ensure proper meshing, efficient power transmission, and minimal noise and vibration. The design should also take into account the limitations and capabilities of the plastic material, such as its ability to form precise tooth profiles and maintain dimensional stability.

3. Clearances and Tolerances: Plastic gears may require different clearances and tolerances compared to metal gears. The coefficient of thermal expansion, dimensional stability, and manufacturing processes of plastic materials can affect the gear clearances. It’s important to consider the thermal expansion characteristics of the specific plastic material and provide appropriate clearances to accommodate temperature variations. Tight tolerances may result in binding or increased friction, while excessive clearances can lead to backlash and reduced gear accuracy.

4. Load Distribution: Distributing the load evenly across the gear teeth is essential for preventing premature wear and failure. Consider gear design elements such as tooth profile, tooth width, and the number of teeth to optimize load distribution. Reinforcing the gear teeth with fillets or other strengthening features can help improve load-bearing capacity and reduce stress concentrations.

5. Stiffness and Deflection: Plastic gears generally have lower stiffness compared to metal gears. The design should consider the potential for deflection or deformation under load. It may be necessary to increase the gear size, modify the tooth geometry, or incorporate additional support structures to enhance stiffness and minimize deflection. Analytical tools and simulations can be employed to assess and optimize gear design for stiffness and deflection.

6. Lubrication and Wear: Proper lubrication is important for the performance and durability of plastic gears. Consider the lubrication requirements of the specific plastic material and design features that facilitate effective lubricant distribution. Pay attention to potential wear mechanisms, such as adhesive wear or abrasive wear, and incorporate measures to minimize wear, such as optimized tooth profiles, lubricant selection, and sealing mechanisms.

7. Environmental Factors: Plastic gears may be subjected to various environmental factors such as temperature extremes, humidity, chemicals, and UV exposure. Evaluate the potential impact of these factors on the gear material and design. Select plastic materials that offer resistance to environmental degradation and consider protective measures, such as coatings or encapsulation, to enhance the gear’s resistance to environmental conditions.

8. Manufacturability: Consider the manufacturability of plastic gears during the design phase. Different plastic materials may have specific requirements or limitations for manufacturing processes such as injection molding or machining. Design features that facilitate efficient and cost-effective production, such as draft angles, parting lines, and tooling considerations, should be taken into account.

By considering these specific design considerations, such as material selection, gear geometry, clearances, load distribution, stiffness, lubrication, environmental factors, and manufacturability, it’s possible to optimize the design and performance of plastic gears for various applications.

plastic gear

Are there different types of plastic materials used for making gears?

Yes, there are different types of plastic materials used for making gears. Here’s a detailed explanation of some commonly used plastic materials in gear manufacturing:

  • Acetal (Polyoxymethylene – POM): Acetal is a popular choice for gear applications due to its excellent strength, dimensional stability, low friction, and wear resistance. It has good machinability and can be easily molded into gears with precise tooth profiles. Acetal gears offer low noise operation and have good resistance to moisture and chemicals. They are commonly used in automotive, consumer electronics, and industrial applications.
  • Polyamide (Nylon): Polyamide or nylon is another widely used plastic material for gears. It offers good mechanical properties, including high strength, toughness, and impact resistance. Nylon gears have low friction characteristics, good wear resistance, and self-lubricating properties. They are commonly used in applications such as automotive components, power tools, and industrial machinery.
  • Polyethylene (PE): Polyethylene is a versatile plastic material that can be used for gear applications. It offers good chemical resistance, low friction, and excellent electrical insulation properties. While polyethylene gears may have lower strength compared to other plastic materials, they are suitable for low-load and low-speed applications, such as in light-duty machinery, toys, and household appliances.
  • Polypropylene (PP): Polypropylene is a lightweight and cost-effective plastic material that finds applications in gear manufacturing. It offers good chemical resistance, low friction, and low moisture absorption. Polypropylene gears are commonly used in various industries, including automotive, consumer electronics, and household appliances.
  • Polycarbonate (PC): Polycarbonate is a durable and impact-resistant plastic material used for gears that require high strength and toughness. It offers excellent dimensional stability, transparency, and good resistance to heat and chemicals. Polycarbonate gears are commonly used in applications such as automotive components, electrical equipment, and machinery.
  • Polyphenylene Sulfide (PPS): Polyphenylene sulfide is a high-performance plastic material known for its excellent mechanical properties, including high strength, stiffness, and heat resistance. PPS gears offer low friction, good wear resistance, and dimensional stability. They are commonly used in demanding applications such as automotive transmissions, industrial machinery, and aerospace equipment.

These are just a few examples of the plastic materials used for making gears. The choice of plastic material depends on the specific requirements of the gear application, including load capacity, operating conditions, temperature range, chemical exposure, and cost considerations. It’s important to select a plastic material that offers the necessary combination of mechanical properties and performance characteristics for optimal gear performance.

China OEM Ring Gear/Drive Gear/Planetary Gear/Plastic Gear/Auto Parts Gear spiral bevel gearChina OEM Ring Gear/Drive Gear/Planetary Gear/Plastic Gear/Auto Parts Gear spiral bevel gear
editor by CX 2023-10-11

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